Research Article|Articles in Press

Controversies in Hypertension IV: Renal Denervation


      Renal denervation is not a cure for hypertension. Although more recent sham-controlled trials were positive, a significant minority of patients in each trial were unresponsive. The optimal patient or patients need to be defined. Combined systolic/diastolic hypertension appears more responsive than isolated systolic hypertension. It remains uncertain whether patients with comorbidities associated with higher adrenergic tone should be targeted, including obesity, diabetes, sleep apnea, and chronic kidney disease. No biomarker can adequately predict response. A key to a successful response is the adequacy of denervation, which currently cannot be assessed in real time. It is uncertain what is the optimal denervation methodology i.e., radiofrequency, ultrasound, or ethanol injection. Radiofrequency requires targeting the distal main renal artery plus major branches and accessory arteries. Although denervation appears to be safe, conclusive data on quality-of-life, improved target organ damage, and/or reduced cardiovascular events/mortality are required before denervation can be generally recommended.

      Key words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to The American Journal of Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect