Advertisement

Varicella Zoster Virus-Induced Complete Heart Block

Published:December 22, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2022.12.013
      Complete heart block (CHB) is usually caused by chronic myocardial ischemia and fibrosis, but can also be induced by bacterial and viral infections. The varicella zoster virus lies dormant in the dorsal root and autonomic ganglia and can be reactivated in the elderly and immunocompromised. We present a case of varicella zoster virus-induced Ccomplete heart block.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to The American Journal of Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Hackel DB.
        Myocarditis in association with varicella.
        Am J Pathol. 1953; 29: 369-379
        • Morales AR
        • Adelman S
        • Fine G.
        Varicella myocarditis. A case of sudden death.
        Arch Pathol. 1971; 91: 29-31
        • Abrams D
        • Derrick G
        • Penny DJ
        • Shinebourne EA
        • Redington AN.
        Cardiac complications in children following infection with varicella zoster virus.
        Cardiol Young. 2001; 11: 647-652
        • Ma TS
        • Collins TC
        • Habib G
        • Bredikis A
        • Carabello BA.
        Herpes zoster and its cardiovascular complications in the elderly – Another look at a dormant virus.
        Cardiology. 2007; 107: 63-67
        • Kalender E
        • Sensoy B
        • Cay S.
        Heart block after herpes zoster reactivation.
        Int J Cardiol. 2016; 203: 549-550
        • Kazemi V
        • Fernandez MC
        • Zide K.
        Herpes zoster-induced progressive heart block: A case report.
        Cureus. 2018; 10: e3674
        • Nomdedeu JF
        • Nomdedeu J
        • Martino R
        • Bordes R
        • Portorreal R
        • Sureda A
        • Domingo-Albos A
        • Rutllant M
        • Soler J.
        Ogilvie's syndrome from disseminated varicella-zoster infection and infarcted celiac ganglia.
        J Clin Gastroenterol. 1995; 20: 157-159
        • Gilden DH
        • Gesser R
        • Smith J
        • Wellish M
        • Laguardia JJ
        • Cohrs RJ
        • Mahalingam R.
        Presence of VZV and HSV-1 DNA in human nodose and celiac ganglia.
        Virus Genes. 2001; 23: 145-147