If you don't remember your password, you can reset it by entering your email address and clicking the Reset Password button. You will then receive an email that contains a secure link for resetting your password
If the address matches a valid account an email will be sent to __email__ with instructions for resetting your password
Requests for reprints should be addressed to Kou Hasegawa, MD, PhD, Department of General Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Science, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan.
We report a case of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) in a 29-year-old man without any underlying diseases, including atherosclerosis, and without any medical or family history. On admission, he had normal blood pressure (122/69 mm Hg) and was anemic (hemoglobin level of 5.9 g/dL). Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed hemothorax and a nodular lesion in the right lung, hemorrhagic ascites (Figure A), and aneurysms in the common hepatic artery and hepatic artery proper without extravasation (Figure B). The patient was admitted to an intensive care unit, and administration of an antihypertensive drug and transfusion of red blood cells were initiated. On the second day of hospitalization, his anemia was not improved despite the red blood cell transfusion. Contrast-enhanced CT, showed the deterioration of the bloody ascites. Transarterial embolization and pleural drainage were performed. On the seventh day of hospitalization, CT showed that the hemothorax and hemorrhagic ascites had been well absorbed. On the 10th day of hospitalization, brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed an aneurysm in the right internal carotid artery and right vertebral artery (Figure C). His blood pressure become stable (systolic blood pressure:120 mm Hg). He was discharged with oral antihypertensive medication on the 18th day of hospitalization. He had a COL3A1 gene mutation, which is a pathological variant of vascular EDS.
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
Vascular EDS is a rare vascular abnormality in which aneurysms and raptures can occur. It is caused by mutations in the gene for type III procollagen (COL3A1).
The majority of affected arteries are medium-sized abdominal vessels, including renal, iliac, femoral, mesenteric, and hepatic arteries. The next most frequent locations of arterial abnormalities are the carotid, subclavian, ulnar, popliteal, and tibial arteries.