Trending Nutrition Controversies #3: Top Controversies in 2021

Published:September 08, 2021DOI:


      • Sufficient data exists to recommend limiting or avoiding non-nutritive (artificial) sweeteners.
      • Sufficient evidence suggests cardiovascular health benefits of consuming minimally processed cacao, soy, and plant-based nitrates.


      Each year, patients are bombarded with diverging and even contradictory reports concerning the impact of certain additives, foods, and nutrients on cardiovascular health and its risk factors. Accordingly, this third review of nutrition controversies examines the impact of artificial sweeteners, cacao, soy, plant-based meats, nitrates, and meats from grass compared to grain-fed animals on cardiovascular and other health outcomes with the goal of optimizing clinician-led diet counseling.


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