A ‘Shocking’ Cause of Facial Edema

      Complications can arise long after treatment is initiated. A 56-year-old African American woman presented after 1 day of swelling of the neck and face. The edema was associated with mild dysphagia. Her past medical history was significant for cadaveric renal transplant and nonischemic cardiomyopathy, for which an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) had been placed 5 years earlier. She denied any allergies or exposure to new medications. Her current regimen consisted of azathioprine, tacrolimus, aspirin, and atenolol.


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