Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
- Meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies of type 2 diabetes mellitus and risk of atrial fibrillation.Am J Cardiol. 2011; 108: 56-62https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.03.004
- Risk factors for atrial fibrillation and their population burden in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.Heart. 2013; 99: 1173-1178https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2013-303798
- Management and prognosis of atrial fibrillation in the diabetic patient.Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2015; 13: 643-651https://doi.org/10.1586/14779072.2015.1043892
- Risk of atrial fibrillation in diabetes mellitus: a nationwide cohort study.Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2016; 23: 621-627https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487315599892
- Inflammation as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation.Circulation. 2003; 108: 3006-3010https://doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000103131.70301.4F
- Psoriasis and risk of atrial fibrillation and ischaemic stroke: a Danish Nationwide Cohort Study.Eur Heart J. 2012; 33: 2054-2064https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehr285
- Increased risk of atrial fibrillation and stroke during active stages of inflammatory bowel disease: a nationwide study.Europace. 2014; 16: 477-484https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/eut312
- C-reactive protein elevation in patients with atrial arrhythmias: inflammatory mechanisms and persistence of atrial fibrillation.Circulation. 2001; 104: 2886-2891https://doi.org/10.1161/hc4901.101760
- Inflammation in the genesis and perpetuation of atrial fibrillation.Eur Heart J. 2005; 26: 2083-2092https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehi350
- Coronary microvascular dysfunction in diabetes mellitus: a review.World J Cardiol. 2010; 2: 377-390https://doi.org/10.4330/wjc.v2.i11.377
- Diabetes mellitus and atrial remodeling: mechanisms and potential upstream therapies.Cardiovasc Ther. 2014; 32: 233-241https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-5922.12089
- Diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation: pathophysiological mechanisms and potential upstream therapies.Int J Cardiol. 2015; 184: 617-622https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.052
- Changes in left atrial volume in diabetes mellitus: more than diastolic dysfunction?.Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012; 13: 1016-1023https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jes084
- Relation between echocardiographically determined left atrial size and atrial fibrillation.Circulation. 1976; 53: 273-279
- Left atrial volume index as a predictor for occurrence of atrial fibrillation after ablation of typical atrial flutter.J Cardiol. 2010; 56: 348-353https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2010.07.006
- Influences of autonomic nervous system on atrial arrhythmogenic substrates and the incidence of atrial fibrillation in diabetic heart.Int Heart J. 2009; 50: 627-641https://doi.org/10.1536/ihj.50.627
- Thiazolidinediones and PPARγ agonists: time for a reassessment.Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2012; 23: 205-215https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2012.03.001
- Anti-inflammatory actions of PPAR ligands: new insights on cellular and molecular mechanisms.Trends Immunol. 2007; 28: 551-558https://doi.org/10.1016/j.it.2007.09.003
- Glycemic durability of rosiglitazone, metformin, or glyburide monotherapy.N Engl J Med. 2006; 355: 2427-2443https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa066224
- The associations of leptin, adiponectin and resistin with incident atrial fibrillation in women.Heart. 2016; 102: 1354-1362https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2015-308927
- FDA Approved Drug Products.(Available at:)https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/drugsatfda/index.cfmDate accessed: October 19, 2015
- Global guideline for type 2 diabetes.Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2014; 104: 1-52https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2012.10.001
- Beneficial effect of pioglitazone on the outcome of catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and type 2 diabetes mellitus.Europace. 2011; 13: 1256-1261https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/eur131
- Thiazolidinedione use and post-operative atrial fibrillation: a US nested case-control study.Curr Med Res Opin. 2007; 23: 2849-2855https://doi.org/10.1185/030079907X242494
- Thiazolidinediones can prevent new onset atrial fibrillation in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes.Int J Cardiol. 2012; 156: 199-202https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.08.081
- The potential role of thiazolidinediones in atrial fibrillation.Int J Cardiol. 2008; 128: 129-130https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.05.051
- Hypotheses, design, and methods for the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial.Am J Cardiol. 2006; 97: 9G-19Ghttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2006.02.023
- Economic outcomes of treatment strategies for type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes trial.Circulation. 2009; 120: 2550-2558https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.912709
- Response to letter regarding article, “rosiglitazone and outcomes for patients with diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D). Trial”.Circulation. 2014; 129: e460-e461https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.008033
- Thiazolidinediones are associated with a decreased risk of atrial fibrillation compared with other antidiabetic treatment: a nationwide cohort study.Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother. 2016; https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjcvp/pvw036
- Secondary prevention of macrovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes in the PROactive Study (PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events): a randomised controlled trial.Lancet. 2005; 366: 1279-1289https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67528-9
Funding: The original Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (U01 HL061744, U01 HL061746, U01 HL061748, U01 HL063804, R21HL121495). The original BARI 2D received support from the following companies: GlaxoSmithKline; Lantheus Medical Imaging, Inc (formerly Bristol-Myers Squibb Medical Imaging, Inc); Astellas Pharma US, Inc; Merck & Co., Inc; Abbott Laboratories, Inc; Pfizer, Inc; MediSense Products; Bayer Diagnostics; Becton, Dickinson and Company; cJ. R. Carlson Labs; Centocor, Inc; Eli Lilly and Company; LipoScience, Inc; Merck Sante; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; and Novo Nordisk, Inc. JLP has received research funding from Boehringer-Ingelheim and Bayer. MMB has received a research grant from Gilead Sciences Inc. BC has received consult fees from Lilly, Novo Nordisk, and Merck outside the submitted work.
Conflicts of Interest: None.
Authorship: All authors had access to the data and played a role in writing this manuscript.