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Funding: This trial was conducted by the Johns Hopkins Weight Management Center, supported by a Mobilizing for Health grant from the McKesson Foundation , by a grant from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation to Johns Hopkins University to fund Clinical Research Fellow ML , and by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Drug Abuse , National Institutes of Health . The trial received support for statistical analysis from the National Center for Research Resources and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) of the National Institute of Health through Grant Number UL1T000424 . The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, and approval of the manuscript; or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Conflict of Interest: All authors were asked to disclose any potential conflicts of interest. ML reported that he was a stockholder, employee, and Board member of Reify Health, Inc. MCG reported that he served on the Board of Directors and was an expert consultant for Arnic Medical Solutions, LLC and The Greystone Group, Inc. LJC served on the Scientific Advisory Board of and was a stockholder of Medifast, Inc; and served on the Medical Advisory Board of Vivus, Inc. No other disclosures were reported.
Authorship: ML and LJC had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: LJC, ABL, JVB, DHE, KLP, MCG, RF, CEM, ML.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: ZM, DHE, ND, RF, ML.
Drafting of the manuscript: ZM, LJC, ABL, ND, DHE, ML.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All.
Statistical analysis: ZM, DHE.
Obtained funding: LJC, KLP.
Administrative, technical, or material support: N/A.
Study supervision: LJC.