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      We thank Vallabhajosyula et al for their interest in our study.
      • Gandhi S.
      • Mosleh W.
      • Abdel-Qadir H.
      • Farkouh M.E.
      Statins and contrast-induced acute kidney injury with coronary angiography.
      Patients with cardiogenic shock represent the highest risk patients, with strong evidence for early revascularization in the setting of acute coronary syndrome. Patients may be prone to developing contrast-induced acute kidney injury due to renal hypoperfusion, acidosis, and the toxic effects of radiocontrast material. Early initiation of statin therapy in such patients is supported because of lipid-lowering and pleiotropic effects. Early statin initiation is part of standard medical therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome and cardiogenic shock unless there is a specific contraindication. For this reason, data are lacking in clinical trial settings to compare statin with placebo in this high-risk population. Recent registry data from Korea suggest a mortality benefit for statin therapy in acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock; however, these results must be interpreted with caution because of the retrospective nature and potential bias.
      • Sim D.S.
      • Jeong M.H.
      • Cho K.H.
      • et al.
      Effect of early statin treatment in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction.
      The results of the subgroup analysis in our study demonstrated a benefit for high-dose statins to reduce contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with congestive heart failure, defined clinically and by echocardiogram. Although the differentiation between ischemic and nonischemic cause is not clearly identified, all patients underwent coronary angiography, and likely a large portion had underlying coronary artery disease, and therefore would derive benefit from treatment. The strongest effect was seen in patients with acute coronary syndrome, suggesting a benefit with initial short-term therapy even in the absence of continuing high-dose statins long term for hyperlipidemia.

      References

        • Gandhi S.
        • Mosleh W.
        • Abdel-Qadir H.
        • Farkouh M.E.
        Statins and contrast-induced acute kidney injury with coronary angiography.
        Am J Med. 2014; 127: 987-1000
        • Sim D.S.
        • Jeong M.H.
        • Cho K.H.
        • et al.
        Effect of early statin treatment in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction.
        Korean Circ J. 2013; 43: 100-109

      Linked Article

      • Heart Failure and the Renoprotective Effect of Statins
        The American Journal of MedicineVol. 128Issue 7
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          We read with great interest the meta-analysis by Gandhi et al,1 highlighting the protective role of statins in contrast-induced nephropathy. We would like to comment on the potential benefit of but lack of evidence on the role of statins in cardiogenic shock and nonischemic congestive heart failure.
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