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Funding: This research was supported by the American College of Cardiology Foundation's National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR). The views expressed in this manuscript represent those of the authors, and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NCDR or its associated professional societies identified at www.ncdr.com. PINNACLE Registry is an initiative of the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Bristol-Myers Squibb and Pfizer Inc. are Founding Sponsors of the PINNACLE Registry.
Conflicts of Interest: PSC reports support by a Career Development Grant Award (K23HL102224) from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. TMM reports support by a Health Services Research and Development career development award from the US Department of Veterans Affairs. GMM reports research support from Medtronic, Baylis Medical, Gilead, and SentreHeart Inc.
Authorship: All authors had access to the data, and all either wrote portions of the manuscript or edited it.