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Prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in college students

      Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders are the fastest growing source of disability in the US workplace (

      Bernard BP, ed. Musculoskeletal Disorders and Workplace Factors. Cincinnati, Ohio: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97–141; 1997.

      ,

      Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries, and Illnesses. Washington, DC: Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor; 1995.

      ), affecting workers of all ages, including those less than 25 years old (

      Bureau of Labor Statistics. Selected (sprains, strains, tears; carpal tunnel; tendonitis) natures by worker, and case characteristics. Table 9. Occupational Safety and Health Data. Available at: www.bls.gov/oshsum1.htm. Accessed April 1999.

      ). Computer work for 4 or more hours per day doubles the risk of these disorders (

      Punnett L, Bergqvist U. Visual Display Unit Work and Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Review of Epidemiological Findings. National Institute for Working Life—Ergonomic Expert Committee Document No 1. Solna, Sweden: Arbetslivsininstitutet; 1997.

      ). The association of upper extremity disorders with prolonged computer work and their emergence in younger workers (

      Bureau of Labor Statistics. Selected (sprains, strains, tears; carpal tunnel; tendonitis) natures by worker, and case characteristics. Table 9. Occupational Safety and Health Data. Available at: www.bls.gov/oshsum1.htm. Accessed April 1999.

      ) suggest that college students may also be at risk.
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      References

      1. Bernard BP, ed. Musculoskeletal Disorders and Workplace Factors. Cincinnati, Ohio: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97–141; 1997.

      2. Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries, and Illnesses. Washington, DC: Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor; 1995.

      3. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Selected (sprains, strains, tears; carpal tunnel; tendonitis) natures by worker, and case characteristics. Table 9. Occupational Safety and Health Data. Available at: www.bls.gov/oshsum1.htm. Accessed April 1999.

      4. Punnett L, Bergqvist U. Visual Display Unit Work and Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Review of Epidemiological Findings. National Institute for Working Life—Ergonomic Expert Committee Document No 1. Solna, Sweden: Arbetslivsininstitutet; 1997.

      5. National Center for Education Statistics. Higher education general information survey: fall enrollment in colleges and universities, Washington, DC: US Department of Education; 1997. Available at: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/digest97. Accessed April 1999.

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