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Immunologic study of human encephalitic and paralytic rabies

Preliminary report of 16 patients
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      Abstract

      Lymphocyte proliferation tests to rabies antigen and myelin basic protein were performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes from nine patients with the encephalitic form and on seven with the paralytic form of human rabies. Six of the nine patients with encephalitis had proliferative responses to rabies antigen, whereas all of the patients with paralysis had no response. Two patients in each group also had a proliferative response to myelin basic protein. The myelin basic protein-reactive patients had a more rapidly fatal disease than the nonreactive patients. This preliminary study suggests that host immune responses may influence the clinical manifestations and course in human rabies.
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