Atypical herpesvirus hominis type 2 infection in uremic patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy

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      In four uremic patients (three renal transplant recipients and one with idiopathic thrombocytopenia), painful, initially vesicular lesions developed in the anogenital region while they were receiving immunosuppressive drug therapy. These lesions enlarged, coalesced and ulcerated, presenting a puzzling diagnostic problem. Initial misdiagnoses often resulted in inappropriate antimicrobial therapy. Routine cultures, histologic sections and Tzanck preparations were seldom helpful. The correct diagnosis of herpesvirus hominis (HVH) infection was established within 18 to 48 hours by viral culture of swab or biopsy material. Subsequent identification of isolates as HVH type 2 was confirmed by neutralization kinetics, infectivity titers and ability to plaque in chick embryo cells. Various therapeutic regimens were ineffective. Clinical improvement best correlated with decrease in dosage of immunosuppressive agents.
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