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The so-called “paracolon” bacteria

A bacteriologic and clinical reappraisal
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      Abstract

      The systematic classification of microorganisms in the family Enterobacteriaceae, developed by Ewing and Edwards, has rendered obsolete the imprecise term “paracolon.” It has made possible a new methodology for characterization of Enterobacteriaceae which has proved practical for a hospital diagnostic laboratory involved in the processing of large numbers of routine cultures.
      The modern classification of the Enterobacteriaceae has introduced a number of new, precise designations with which the clinician is not completely familiar. These include terms for organisms that are the less commonly known members of the Enterobacteriaceae: Serratia, Citrobacter, Providence, Hafnia, Edwardsiella and Arizona.
      An initial attempt to appraise the role of these less well known species of gram-negative enteric bacilli in human infection has been carried out.
      This survey has focused on (1) the frequency with which these organisms are found in patients in a large general hospital, (2) the clinical background of such patients, (3) the types of infection these organisms produce, (4) the nosocomial nature of many of these infections, and (5) the antibiotic sensitivity patterns of the organisms.
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