Advertisement

D-xylose and its use in the diagnosis of malabsorptive states

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to The American Journal of Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

      1. Christiansen, P. A. and Kirsner, J. B. Clinical and laboratory methods in the diagnosis of intestinal malabsorption and malabsorptive states. To be published.

        • Gardner F.H.
        A malabsorption syndrome in military personnel in Puerto Rico.
        Arch. Int. Med. 1956; 98: 44
        • Gardner F.H.
        • Perez-Santiago J.
        Oral absorption tolerance test in tropical sprue.
        Arch. Int. Med. 1956; 98: 467
        • Turner D.A.
        The absorption, transport, and deposition of fat.
        in: Ph.D. Thesis. University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario1956
      2. Also Monograph. Washington, D. C.

        • Osmon K.
        • Zern W.
        • Wharton G.
        A simplified test of fat absorption.
        J. A. M. A. 1957; 164: 633
        • Wenger J.
        • Kirsner J.B.
        • Palmer W.L.
        Blood carotene in steatorrhea and the malabsorption syndromes.
        Am. J. Med. 1957; 22: 373
        • Finley P.R.
        • Doe R.
        • Doyle R.
        The use of a standardized carotene loading test in the diagnosis of malabsorption states.
        in: Clin. Res. Proc.6. 1958: 275
        • Fishberg E.H.
        • Friedfeld L.
        Excretion of xylose as an index of damaged renal function.
        J. Clin. Invest. 1932; 11: 501
        • Dominguez R.
        • Pomerence E.
        On renal excretion of xylose.
        J. Clin. Invest. 1934; 13: 753
        • Helmer O.M.
        • Fouts P.J.
        Gastrointestinal studies. VII. Excretion of xylose in pernicious anemia.
        J. Clin. Invest. 1937; 16: 343
        • Mc Chance R.A.
        • Madders K.
        Comparative rates of absorption from human intestine.
        Biochem. J. 1930; 24: 795
        • Fourman L.P.R.
        Absorption of xylose in steatorrhea.
        Clin. Sc. 1948; 6: 289
        • Brien F.S.
        • Turner D.A.
        • Watson E.M.
        • Geddes J.H.
        Study of carbohydrates and fat absorption from normal and diseased intestine in man. I. Absorption and excretion of d-xylose.
        Gastroenterology. 1952; 20: 287
        • Turner D.A.
        Absorption from the intestine.
        in: M. Sc. Thesis. University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario1950
        • Benson Jr., J.A.
        • Culver P.J.
        • Ragland S.
        • Jones C.M.
        • Drummey E.P.
        • Bougas E.
        The d-xylose absorption test in malabsorption syndromes.
        New England J. Med. 1957; 256: 335
        • Johnstone T.W.
        Pentosuria, chronic and alimentary.
        Edinburgh, M. J. 1906; 20: 138
        • Johnstone T.W.
        Physiological disposition and metabolic fate of infused pentose in man.
        J. Clin. Invest. 1957; 36 (Cited by Wyngaarden, J. B. et al.): 1395
        • Fourman L.P.R.
        Study of carbohydrates and fat absorption from normal and diseased intestine in man. I. Absorption and excretion of d-xylose.
        Gastroenterology. 1952; 20 (Personal communication cited by Brien, F. S. et al.): 287
        • Ponz F.
        • Larralde J.
        La absorción de azúcares en función del pH intestinal.
        Rev. españ. fisol. 1950; 6: 255
        • Ponz F.
        • Larralde J.
        Absorption from the intestine.
        (Cited by Turner D. A.)in: M. Sc. Thesis. University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario1950
        • Magee H.E.
        • Reid E.
        The absorption of glucose from the alimentary canal.
        J. Physiol. 1931; 73: 163
        • Laszt L.
        Die Resorption von Glucose und Xylose bei verscheidener H-Konzentration.
        Biochem. Ztschr. 1935; 276: 40
        • Laszt L.
        Absorption from the Intestine.
        (Cited by Verzar, F. and McDougall, E.) Longmans, Green & Co, London1936
        • Althausen T.L.
        A test for intestinal absorption.
        Am. J. Digest Dis. 1939; 6: 544
        • Cummins A.J.
        • Almy T.P.
        Studies on the relationship between motility and absorption in the human small intestine.
        Gastroenterology. 1953; 23: 179
        • Larson W.H.
        • Blatherwick W.R.
        • Bradshaw P.J.
        • Ewing M.E.
        • Sawyer S.D.
        The metabolism of l-xylose.
        J. Biochem. 1940; 136: 1
        • Sols A.
        The hexokinase activity of the intestinal mucosa.
        Biochim. et biophys. 1956; 19: 144
        • Davidson J.W.
        • Garry R.C.
        The absorption of pentoses from the small intestine of the rat under urethane anesthesia.
        J. Physiol. 1941; 99: 239
        • Fourman L.P.R.
        Changes in blood phosphate after ingestion of glucose and fructose in sprue.
        Brit. M. J. 1947; 2: 411
        • Wyngaarden J.B.
        • Segal S.
        • Foley J.B.
        Physiological disposition and metabolic fate of infused pentose in man.
        J. Clin. Invest. 1957; 36: 1395
        • Korelitz B.I.
        • Janowitz H.D.
        The physiology of intestinal absorption.
        J. Mt. Sinai Hosp. 1957; 24: 181
        • Verzar F.
        • McDougall E.
        Absorption from the Intestine.
        Longmans, Green & Co, London1936
        • Hele P.
        The phosphorylation and absorption of sugars in the rat. II. Sugar absorption in vivo and its relationship to phosphorylation in vitro.
        Biochem. J. 1953; 55: 857
        • Shoshi O.
        Sugar absorption in the intestine.
        Kyushu Mem. Med. Sc. 1954; 5: 107
        • Sols A.
        Phosphorylation of sugar by the intestinal mucosa.
        Rev. españ. fisol. 1953; 11: 277
        • Sols A.
        The physiology of intestinal absorption.
        J. Mt. Sinai Hosp. 1957; 24 (Cited by Korelitz, B. I. and Janowitz, H. D.): 181
        • Althausen T.L.
        • Stockholm M.
        Influence of thyroid gland on absorption in digestive tract.
        Am. J. Physiol. 1938; 123: 577
        • Wilbrandt W.
        • Lengyel L.
        Der Einfluss der Nebennierenrinde auf die Zuckerresorption.
        Biochem. Ztschr. 1933; 267: 204
        • Wilbrandt W.
        • Lengyel L.
        Absorption from the Intestine.
        (Cited by Verzar, F. and McDougall, E.) Longmans, Green & Co, London1936
        • Althausen T.
        Hormones and vitamin factors in intestinal absorption.
        Gastroenterology. 1949; 12: 467
        • White A.A.
        • Hess W.C.
        Paper chromatographic detection of sugars in normal and dystrophic human urines.
        Arch. Biochem. & Biophys. 1956; 64: 57
        • Keith N.M.
        • Power M.H.
        • Peterson R.D.
        Renal excretion of xylose after intravenous injection in man.
        in: 2nd ed. Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clin.9. 1951: 343
        • Segal S.
        • Wyngaarden J.B.
        • Foley J.
        The effect of insulin on blood levels of infused pentoses in man.
        J. Clin. Invest. 1957; 36: 1383
        • Loos M.
        Studies in the utilization of pentoses in diabetes.
        Acta med. Scandinav. 1954; 148: 425
        • Segal S.
        • Foley J.
        The effect of insulin on blood levels of infused pentoses in man.
        Acta med. Scandinav. 1954; 148 (Unpublished observation cited by Segal S. et al.): 425
        • Roe J.H.
        • Rice E.W.
        Photometric method for determination free pentose in animal tissues.
        J. Biol. Chem. 1948; 173: 507
        • Van De Kamer J.H.
        • Ten Bokkel Huinink H.
        • Weyer H.
        A rapid method for the determination of fat in feces.
        J. Biol. Chem. 1949; 177: 347
        • Frazer A.C.
        Pathogenesis of the malabsorption syndrome.
        in: World Congress of Gastroenterology. 2nd ed. Abstract, No. 117. 1958
        • Moyer J.H.
        • Womack C.R.
        Glucose tolerance tests.
        Texas J. Med. 1950; 46: 763
        • Wolfish M.
        • et al.
        The d-xylose absorption test in malabsorption syndromes.
        New England J. Med. 1957; 256 (Cited by Benson, J. A., Jr., et al.): 335
      3. Butterworth, C. E., Jr. Personal communication.